Discuss the reasons for the global distribution of heart disease essay

Introduction of cardiovascular disease pdf

Cardiovascular disease includes conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain or stroke. Further, we review data from select countries in each region. There are significant costs and infrastructure limitations that prohibit most countries from having complete nationally representative demographic surveys, vital registration systems or disease registries. Both are related to the heart. The main criterion for country selection is based on the availability of complete and accurate data. There is evidence that workplace exposure to lead, carbon disulphide, phenoxyacids containing TCDD, as well as working in an environment where aluminium is being electrolytically produced, is associated with stroke. However, these two types of cardiovascular disease have identifiable risk factors that can be modified to reduce the risk of developing CVD. Other criteria include the size of a country, such as China and India, and whether something distinguishes a country from others in the same region. It is also known as heart and circulatory disease BHF, This causes the artery to become narrower, then the heart must pump harder to force the blood through. Some persons may know that eating certain foods can increase their heart disease risk but it is tough to change these eating habits. The occurrence of cardiovascular diseases is influenced by various factors such as physical, political, environmental, and social factors Kochanek,

Are any lifestyle issues causing an exacerbation or alleviation of this disease? Smoking has been highly associated with the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases.

management and prevention of cardiovascular disease

Currently, PM2. They include family history, coronary artery calcification score, high sensitivity C-reactive protein hs-CRPankle—brachial pressure indexlipoprotein subclasses and particle concentration, lipoprotein aapolipoproteins A-I and B, fibrinogenwhite blood cell count, homocysteineN-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide NT-proBNPand markers of kidney function.

According to AHA American Heart Association cigarette smoking is seen as the most significant and preventable reason for many premature deaths McCay et al.

Management of cardiovascular disease pdf

Both are related to the heart. Obesity and diabetes mellitus are often linked to cardiovascular disease, [66] as are a history of chronic kidney disease and hypercholesterolaemia. These effects may, at least in part, explain its cardiovascular benefits. Throughout this course I have learned various ways to help improve my dieting and better my overall health with different foods, ways of cooking foods, and supplements to help provide nutrients my body needs. Smoking along with other contributing factors such as high blood pressure and cholesterol can cause chronic diseases. Coronary heart disease is a term used to describe the condition when the supply is blocked by fatty deposits or a thrombosis. CHD is often seen at an equivalent or lower prevalence rate compared to stroke. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and socioeconomic level among public-sector workers in Angola.

Throughout this course I have learned various ways to help improve my dieting and better my overall health with different foods, ways of cooking foods, and supplements to help provide nutrients my body needs.

Cardiovascular Diseases: Cardiovascular diseases additionally called heart disease are the diseases of heart and vessels arteries, capillaries, and veins or both.

Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease guidelines

Movement through these stages has resulted in a dramatic shift in the cause of death from infectious diseases and malnutrition in the first stage to CVD and cancer in most high-income countries over the last two centuries. The balance of the two can lead to varying levels of coronary heart disease incidence, prevalence and coronary heart disease mortality. Are any lifestyle issues causing an exacerbation or alleviation of this disease? Not only do diseases such as diabetes and heart disease affect individuals and their lifestyles, they also affect the economy, politics, education and the professional work environment. Within the socioeconomic levels, the researchers determined the occurrence of adjustable cardiovascular risks and the relationships among the different social levels. BMC Public Health, 13 1 , The food I consume affects my life in serious and immediate ways.

Reliable data for most countries is scarce. Cardiovascular disease is responsible for a preponderance of health problems and its impact is expected to grow further as the population ages.

Many studies have looked at both the genetic influences and the environmental factors behind stress and cardiovascular diseases, while others examine the personality types of individuals involved Franco et al.

The Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth PDAY study demonstrated that intimal lesions appear in all the aortas and more than half of the right coronary arteries of youths aged 7—9 years.

Greater control of risk factors and improved treatments for cardiovascular disease has significantly contributed to this decline Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, The World Health Organization attributes approximately 1.

However, age-adjusted CVD mortality rate declines, aided by preventive strategies such as smoking cessation programs and effective blood pressure control, acute hospital management, and technological advances such as the availability of bypass surgery.

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Coronary Heart Disease Essay Examples