For example, a paragraph in a history textbook on the Emancipation Proclamation might repeat the words "slavery" or "Lincoln," in reference to President Abraham Lincoln. Underline the topic sentence of each paragraph. Summarizing a paragraph as you read, especially if you aren't particularly intrigued by the subject matter, will help save you time and alleviate your frustrations.
For example, in a paragraph on Lincoln, that sentence might be, "President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in to end slavery. The sentences below show ways to do this. If possible, your first sentence should summarize the article.
Using source material from the essay is important. For example, the author may have wonderful statements about Greece, but avoid writing statements such as, "I would love to visit Greece someday" in your paragraph.
For a multi-paragraph summary, discuss each supporting point in a separate paragraph. Your summary should be 15 to 20 percent of the length of the original paragraph.
According to Mary Johnson in her essay, "Cats Make Good Pets," the feline domestic companion is far superior to the canine one. In short, you want to boil the article down to its main, supporting arguments.