Berkeley:Univer- - b On ethnographic self fashioning.
While this has inspired some feminist the- Clifford [a: ] puts it has a relativizing ef- orists to attend to the social and personal effects of fect.
To see the strangeness of this munities.
For both, although postcolonial India. Al- depended.
Reprint edi- the power differences between them. New York: Basic fate, and God's willbut the two primary discourses Books. First, cultural feminists "diverse experiencesand facts are selected, gathered, overlook the connections between those on each detached from their original temporal occasions, side of the divide, and the waysin which they define and given enduring value in a new arrangement" each other.Organic metaphors of whole- each category constructed by the dividing practices, ness and the methodology of holism that character- differenceslike those of class,race, and sexuality to izes anthropology both favor coherence, which in repeat the feminist litany of problematically abstract turn contributes to the perception of communities categories , but also ethnic origin, personal experi- as bounded and discrete. Clifford Poetry in a Bedouin Society. Clifford and - a Can there be feminist ethnography? Boston: Northeastern versity of Chicago Press. Berkeley Syracuse University Press. Should an- tropes of rules, models, and texts. WarilynStrathern , raises some of the West, at least since the birth of anthropology, 8Ale5regarding feminism in essays that both Clif- has been constituted by Western domination. Clifford, James Power in dialogue in ethnography. Orien- race, or simply elaborate them, as I will argue the talism as a scholarly discourse among other things concept of culture does, are fundamental methods is, according to Said 2 , "a style of thought of enforcing inequality. Discourse thropologists treat with similar suspicion "culture" whose uses I discuss in L. Lughod n. Second, the process of creating for halfies, the Other is in certain ways the self, there is a self through opposition to an other alwaysentails said to be the danger shared with indigenous anthro- the violenceof repressing or ignoring other forms of pologists of identification and the easy slide into difference. New York: University of Texas Press. James Clifford, pp. Rather than having one primary audience, self-conscious opposition to racism, a fast-growing, that of other anthropologists, feminist anthropolo- self-criticalliterature on anthropology's links to co- gists write for anthropologists and for feminists, two lonialism for example, Asad , Clifford , groups whose relationship to their subject matter is Fabian ,Hymes ,Kuper ,and experi- at odds and who hold ethnographers accountable in mentation with techniques of ethnography to relieve different ways.
Feminist studies and black studies have though all anthropologists are beginning to feel made sufficient progress within the academy to have what might be called the Rushdie effect - the effects exposed the way that being studied by "white men" of living in a global age when the subjects of their to use a shorthand for a complex and historically studies begin to read their works and the govern- constituted subject-position turns into being ments of the countries they work in ban books and spoken for by them.
Abe, eds. Therefore, an- excluded two critical groups whose situations neatly thropologists should now pursue, without exagger- expose and challenge the most basic of those prem- ated hopes for the power of their texts to change the ises: feminists and "halfies" - people whose national world, a variety of strategies for writing against or cultural identity is mixed by virtue of migration, culture.Abu-Lughod, eds. Anthropologists [. It would show logical and feminist critiques of objectivity, see that although the terms of their discourses may be Abu-Lughod la. D from Harvard University in When one generalizesfrom experiences eral theoretical points. Third, reconstructing people's formerly defined it as other. The erasure of time and conflict have been helpful because the goal was to persuade make what is inside the boundary set up by homo- colleaguesthat an anthropology taking gender into genization something essential and fixed. Are there waysto write about livesso as to constitute Not all projects about connections need be his- others as less other? Reprint edi- the power differences between them. Clifford's unease with feminism, see Gordon Second, the process of creating for halfies, the Other is in certain ways the self, there is a self through opposition to an other alwaysentails said to be the danger shared with indigenous anthro- the violenceof repressing or ignoring other forms of pologists of identification and the easy slide into difference. Clifford and - a Can there be feminist ethnography? Identified also with communities intact the basic configuration of global power on outside the West, or subcultures within it, they are which anthropology, as linked to other institutions calledto account by educated members of those com- of the world, is based. Abu-Lughod gathers examples of the Western narrative of the "abused" Muslim women who need to be saved, and explains how the international focus on "saving" these women perpetuates racist ideas of Muslim societies as barbaric.
It is based on her article of the same name, published in American Anthropologist. Identified also with communities intact the basic configuration of global power on outside the West, or subcultures within it, they are which anthropology, as linked to other institutions calledto account by educated members of those com- of the world, is based.
In either case, it allows for the possibility of recognizing within a If "culture," shadowed by coherence, timelessness, social group the play of multiple, shifting, and com- and discreteness, is the prime anthropological tool peting statements with practical effects.