Higher scores indicate better functioning. Intervention Trunk proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation This technique is given by placing the subject in supine lying position or sitting position by following methods: Chopping and lifting Chopping: Bilateral asymmetrical upper extremity extension is used for trunk flexion Lifting: Bilateral asymmetrical upper extremity flexion with neck extension is used for trunk extension.
All subjects were screened for inclusion and exclusion criteria before their recruitment in the study. Until then PNF technique can be used in clinical practice as there is no report of adverse events.
Adequate reliability and validity of the TIS for stroke patients has been reported.
Outcome measures Trunk impairment scale The starting position is patient sitting on the edge of a bed or treatment table without back and arm support. Trunk Lateral flexion For lateral trunk flexion, bilateral leg flexion or extension patterns with full hip rotation were given The treatment was given for 45 mins with about 1 min rest after completion of each pattern.
Figure 1: Methodology fl ow chart. The patient can be corrected between the attempts. Hence, this costless technique, which does not require any equipment, can be regularly incorporated to all hemiplegic patients in any setup or at home.
It is valid and reliable scale. There are 3 different response sets e.
All the subjects diagnosed with stroke undergoing medical treatment in the Neurology department of Tertiary Care hospitals were screened using the Trunk control test scale. Further studies are required to see the use of various PNF techniques as a whole or individually.
A written informed consent was obtained from the study subjects.