The schachter singer theory
What are your concerns? This group was used as a control because they were not experiencing a physiological change and have no emotion of label. Contrary to the James—Lange theory, therefore, which asserts that emotions arise from physiological arousal, this theory argues that bodily changes can support conscious emotional experiences but do not necessarily cause them.
The effects of the adrenalin are an increase in blood pressure, heart rate, blood sugar level, respiration rate, and blood flow to the muscles and brain, with an accompanying decrease in blood flow to the skin.
Participants were then allocated to either the euphoria condition or the anger condition. Schachter and Wheeler summarize the key findings. Participants were told they were being injected with a new drug called "Suproxin" to test their eyesight.
In other words, feeling unexplained bodily sensations e.
After receiving the injection, the subjects watched a short comical movie. The participants were actually injected with epinephrine which causes respiration, an increase in blood pressure and heart rate or a placebo.
Lazarus theory of emotion
Adrenalin Misinformed - participants were given an adrenalin injection and told to expect side effects but were told these would be numb feet and headache. Dorr made an interesting historical observation that Schachter was angry presumably, without injection of epinephrine that editors added non-significant to some of the results in the Schachter and Singer article. The study was essentially a conceptual replication and an extension of Schachter and Singer. So, imagine you are alone in a dark parking lot walking toward your car. The epinephrine misinformed group was told that they would probably feel their feet go numb, and have an itching sensation over parts of their body, and a slight headache. In one version of the study designed to induce feelings of euphoria , the participants interacted with a confederate someone who appears to be a real participant, but is actually part of the research staff who acted in a happy, joyful way. In replications by Marshall and Zimbardo , the researchers found that participants were no more likely to act euphoric when exposed to a euphoric confederate than when they were exposed to a neutral confederate. After the movie was watched, the subjects rated how funny the movie was and if they enjoyed. Added to this is the cognitive label associating the physical reactions to fear , which is immediately followed by the conscious experience of the emotion fear.
Schachter and Singer developed the two-factor theory of emotion.
based on 41 review