Writing a literature review essay

Sample literature review for research paper

But how is a literature review different from an academic research paper? Conclusion summarise the important aspects of the existing body of literature; evaluate the current state of the literature reviewed; identify significant flaws or gaps in existing knowledge; outline areas for future study; link your research to existing knowledge. Should you summarize, synthesize, or critique your sources by discussing a common theme or issue? However, sometimes you may need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. The example combines the thematic and chronological approaches. This is an important introductory sentence that will tell your reader what the topic is and the overall perspective or argument you will be presenting. Recent work has begun to challenge this paradigm and argue for more varied approaches to understanding the socio-political relations between nation and nature. Debates, conflicts and contradictions: where do sources disagree? The goal is to deliberately document, critically evaluate, and summarize scientifically all of the research about a clearly defined research problem.

Use quotes sparingly Falk and Mills do not use any direct quotes. What you include in each depends on the objective of your literature review.

What is a literature review

By trend: A better way to organize the above sources chronologically is to examine the sources under another trend, such as the history of whaling. Now consider some typical ways of organizing the sources into a review: Chronological: If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials above according to when they were published. Project Muse humanities and social sciences Medline life sciences and biomedicine EconLit economics Inspec physics, engineering and computer science When you find a useful article, check the reference list to find more relevant sources. For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East? Find Models Use the exercise of reviewing the literature to examine how authors in your discipline or area of interest have composed their literature review sections. Works consulted We consulted these works while writing this handout. What are the differences and similarities between the sources? Is there an aspect of the field that is missing? Other Sections of Your Literature Review Once you've decided on the organizational method for your literature review, the sections you need to include in the paper should be easy to figure out because they arise from your organizational strategy. It is not a list like an annotated bibliography in which a summary of each source is listed one by one. If the same authors, books or articles keep appearing in your reading, make sure to seek them out. When writing your review, keep in mind these issues. What are the most important topics, subtopics, etc. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.

Does it forge a new path? Roughly how many sources should I include? Are there weaknesses that need to be addressed? For instance, the review might examine whaling from pre,and If the same authors, books or articles keep appearing in your reading, make sure to seek them out.

Types of Literature Reviews It is important to think of knowledge in a given field as consisting of three layers.

how to write a literature review for a research paper

What are the most important topics, subtopics, etc. In a research paper, you use the literature as a foundation and as support for a new insight that you contribute.

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The structure of a literature review